Making the Grade

Ben Bolton, Director of Business Space, looks at how cities can best maximise their built environment

23 May 2017

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The structure of the Welsh economy has undergone huge changes in recent decades, from one largely based on manufacturing to one more reliant on services. This pattern, which is echoed in cities across the UK, means that Welsh cities are likely to continue to require high value, office-based employment. This makes the provision of the right type of office space hugely important for economic growth. Clearly, cities that have not shifted towards a more knowledge-based economy are likely to lag behind those that have already made that transition.

With figures from Oxford Economics forecasting a 3.8% rise in office-based employment growth over the next five years alone, and our own figures for Cardiff showing that commercial office lettings are up 57% on the same quarter in 2016, it is more important than ever for cities to manage their built environment effectively to maintain an attractive, but diverse, environment for all types of business.

While the ‘80s and ‘90s saw an increase in business parks offering large floor space and parking, car-only locations are no longer the preference for many businesses. City centres, with good supporting transport links, are emerging as the desired locations for both occupiers and developers.

In Cardiff, the development of flagship Grade A schemes including Capital Quarter and Central Square have rightly grabbed the headlines. The strong pre-let activity within both of these schemes is evidence of the high demand for high-specification city centre space.

Naturally, this increase in demand, coupled with a relatively low supply of space at the top end, has meant that rents for Grade A offices in Cardiff are at a record high at £25 per sq ft.

However, with plenty of existing, older office stock also available, cities like ours are needing to work harder than ever with developers and investors to effectively manage office stock to avoid a build-up of obsolete Grade B space. The risk, particularly for larger cities, is that, as businesses look to upgrade to Grade A office space, Grade B and other secondary spaces are left unoccupied.

For many businesses, Grade A rent levels simply are not viable financially. As a result, some companies are seeking alternative options, which has given rise to scores of Grade B buildings being refurbished. In a city such as Cardiff, which has an abundance of Grade B stock, this is to be encouraged, in order to effectively manage the city’s built environment. Many of these spaces are located in prime city centre locations though, in some cases, are outdated. Brunel House is one such space currently undergoing extensive redevelopment works in order to appeal to future occupiers, along with Capital Tower and 2 Kingsway.

From an investment standpoint, while still substantially more affordable than Grade A office space, high-end refurbishments of Grade B buildings in Cardiff mean they are now able to command a higher rent. Five years ago, landlords would be looking at below £10 per sq ft for Grade B office space, but in today’s market, this rental income has increased by almost 50%.

Grade B developers are having to think creatively about what will make their office space more appealing, and creating a working environment fit for modern requirements is of utmost importance. Increasingly, this is translating to more break-out spaces and communal areas, open plan set-ups, as well as those that facilitate hot-desking, flexible and collaborative working.

Pursuing more flexible approaches to the upgrading of existing premises, including changing their use, is also changing the face of the market. Fitzalan Court- previously a group of office blocks built in the 1980s – is currently undergoing a £30m redevelopment to provide high-quality student accommodation. With Cardiff’s student population only set to grow, the number of secondary spaces being redeveloped in this way is only going to increase. This, too, will be an important element of maintaining the vibrancy of our city centres.

Demand for office space in Cardiff currently shows no signs of slowing down, so it is likely that investors and occupiers will continue to seek innovative ways of blending the old with the new in a manner fitting with a modern economy. While there is no doubt that the high demand for Grade A space is here to stay, developers and investors must continue to seek alternative uses for secondary options.

The balancing act for Cardiff, as it is for other UK cities, is to support the availability of high-grade office space, while ensuring that the city does not experience over-supply and saturation issues that can follow.

I have worked with Jeremy Symons over the past three years successfully leasing and buying property in support of my business. I continue to be very pleased with his knowledge of the market and expertise. Our relationship over this time has resulted in acquiring 20,000 sq ft at Capital Business Park in Cardiff, leasing 11,000 sq ft at Southpoint, and subsequently leasing an initial 42,000 sq ft at Parc Bedwas, followed by a succession of expansions of a further 11,000 and then 47,000 sq ft, enabling us to centralise all of our operations at Parc Bedwas in a single 100,000 sq ft facility. The acquisitions were completed at the perfect time for tenant purposes and the rent fixed throughout the term at very economical rates. A job well done.

Bob James, Aerfin